tv BBC World News America PBS November 30, 2012 4:00pm-4:30pm PST
new president wants to turn back the revolution. in jordan, the demonstrations are peaceful for now but this is another arab country where the people are not happy with their rulers. capturing the face of american indians, setting off to take images that are powerful today. welcome to our viewers on public television in america and also around the globe. cairo is grafton controversy. tens of thousands are now packed into the square in protest, just a week after the president assumed power that he maintained was going to be temporary.
the actions amount to a coup against democracy. >> a marathon 16-hour session, the assembly rushed through the new draft constitution. the few remaining liberals and christians notice what they say is too much emphasis on islam in the draft. egyptian law should follow the principles of the islamic law, like the old constitution. and this they will protect the true nature of the egyptian family and protect morals and values, something could be used to compose islamic values. they don't like the fact that the constitution has no guaranteed equality of both men and women. as soon as there is a referendum on the constitution, he will give up his controversial
powers. >> we are passing through a very short but very important phase. >> nobel prize winner says that the draft constitution should be put in a garbage can of history. and once again, the protesters are forcing noisy opposition. >> they never divided the egyptians, we have no understanding if he is the president of egypt or the of the muslim brotherhood. they can only deepen and hardened was already a danger is divide in egyptian society. >> during this turbulent time, i
spoke to times editor at large. on wednesday, they join me from new york. the first collective, what do you make of him? >> is quite remarkable. tens of thousands of people are paying for his blood. he showed flashes of a sense of humor. third time magazine, the worst fears about a muslim brotherhood. they are not coming true.
>> you interviewed him after he awarded himself these powers. >> the argument is that he is trying to protect democracy. >> they have tried to, in his words, undermine the democratic process. the courts would again interfere, dissolve the constitution that they have done once before. he understands the optics of this. a desire to be practical, he was being political.
he would look to his countrymen as very dictatorial. i was impressed by how comfortable he was. he was a fairly even killed person. he might be a little more flustered and stiffer than usual. >> he seems to make this tactical error. the revolution is not at risk here? >> i believe that he certainly thinks that. as a president, he thinks he is doing what is in the best interests, and what is less certain is how he is with the
brotherhood. the opposition with which he came. the impression that he is creating, he has proven to be quite a death so far and he ran rings around the military leadership when everyone thought that they would have him under their thumb. presenting himself as a peacemaker, this one of was surprising for an astute politician, he should make a clumsy error. >> congratulations on getting that interview. >> thousands of protesters took to the streets of jordan today. the violent unrest that has swept across the region, they have sparked demonstrations that are being seen as the most serious challenge during his reign.
our correspondent has reports. >> as it has across the middle east, the call to prayer is a spiritual summons that becomes a political protest. and here, a chance against the king that would have been unthinkable before the arab spring. the rhetoric is limited to a minority, but there is no mistaking the desire for democracy and anger over corruption. and islamists are highly influential. >> the have the freedom for the people of jordan, they will enable the people to rule themselves.
>> vendor has grown because of the economic crisis. with a budget deficit, the government is forced to cut fuel subsidies. >> everything is very expensive. watch what we do. >> some perspective is important. they have seen the trauma of iraq and syria and they don't want chaos here. peace, andoking for up to look for. there are making problems with the government. we cannot afford problems in georgia. >> islamists promise a boycott. >> whoever wants to distance himself from this political process will not be included.
we believe there is political reform and with the participation of everybody, we will broaden the leadership of the government and parliament. >> today's protest was pragmatically peaceful. these people know that they are in for a long struggle. >> they implement serious reform, running the risk of becoming the target of more widespread opposition. >> the stirrings of the arab spring being felt even in jordan. after more than a year and a half, there is no sign of the bloodshed ending in syria. the situation is reaching appalling heights of brutality and violence as government forces continued to crash -- clash with rebels. flights have been disrupted
while telephone and internet services are also down. >> for months, the internet has been the big window in this area. they have supplied a compelling version of mounting rebel ha pressure. you can see several tracks of activity. but what about what happened yesterday? traffic flat lines and most experts say only the syrian government has the means to do this. >> and the regime appears to be resorting to cutting off all kinds of communication of cellular networks, landlines, as well as internet service across the country and it speaks to the desperation of the regime as it tries to cling to power. >> is it because that they feel
it is a greater threat than ever before? rebel fighters have been attacking damascus international airport. if any government loses come -- control of the airport, it is in trouble. seizing government weapons and turning them on the regime, the picture builds as the balance of the civil war is shifting. look at these pictures. apparently showing horribles shooting down a syrian helicopter. it suggests greater hope ability but this doesn't become a tipping point. >> even though it has weakened, it has adequate internal and regional support if not a year
or two. >> these fighters certainly believe that they are gaining ground. within the past few days, this is the bloodiest there will be in need this winter. countercurrents of ever more violent. >> when will that tipping point actually come? israel has authorized the construction of 3000 new homes on occupied land. they will make it harder to restart peace talks. the announcement comes a day after the united nations general assembly upgrade the status of the palestinians as a non-member observer state. unemployment has gone up with almost 12% of people out of
work. crisis hit greece and spain edged with a quarter of the people jobless. in austria and germany, the unemployment rate is about 5%. it has been 164 days since julian assange seeked silence in ecuador. he is wanted for questioning in sweden over allegations of sexual assault, but the price tag has cost the taxpayer over $3 million. >> he is the man that shot to fame for selling state secrets when he website released confidential american cables. in 2010, to swedish women accused him of sex crimes. faced with extradition, he fled to the embassy saying the
swedish authorities did not guaranteed not to send them to the u.s.. to promote a new book he has written, he speaks out. >> the swedish government refuses to behave in a way that is at all normal, rational, were reasonable. that is why i have been granted political asylum. >> they say he must face questioning. they are outside the embassy 24 hours a day, waiting to arrest him the moment he walked out. it has cost 21 million pounds and counting. he is reported to be eating a lot of take away food, running on a treadmill and using a special lamp to get vitamin d. he appeared in robust health despite suggestions that he is suffering from a chronic lung
condition. he did not like being asked about it. >> they never cared about my health when i was in prison or under two years of house arrest and cares about my health now because this building is surrounded by police and i will be forced out. >> it is hard to see how this standoff will end. central london. >> still to come on tonight's program, hours away from inaugurating a new president, we take a closer look at the man poised to leave mexico. now to a sunken treasure that has sparked a major controversy. after locked in limbo, it is being shown off to the rest of the world. tom has this report from spain.
>> inside his vault and inside these containers are thousands of gold and silver coins that were found at the bottom of the ocean. and this is have a change when restored. to what they looked like before they spent 200 years under the sea. dodge this is a tiny part of 14 tons of treasurer found on a spanish ship that sank in 18 04. according to historical documents of the time, it was one of the ships that carried the most amount of pressure on board. they think this particular find is unique. >> is also unique for a long- running legal dispute between an american company that founded the spanish government. they said spain was the rightful owner because there were spanish coins found on the wreck of a spanish ship and the company was
forced to hand it back. today, a first glance as artifacts and coins found from the rack. the government refused to say how much money it could be worth, but the historical value is clear. >> it has never been included in any country. >> of the coins originally came from the colony in latin america. more than half a million pieces of history and a reminder of this country's powerful past. >> of the finishing touches are being put into place for the swearing in, his agenda will include huge challenges like
economic growth and fighting the drug war. what does this tell us about how he will actually lead? we will take a look. >> the center of mexico city is on lockdown. hours to go before he is officially sworn in as president, it has been put in place outside of parliamentary buildings for days. >> i know that the president -- >> the president-elect has been making friends north of the border. in washington, he assured president obama he was proposing a new security strategy to try to reduce the drug-related violence that marked his predecessor's time in office. far from the white house is the tourist resort. the only political experience before winning the presidency
was his government here. it is one of the projects he is remembered fondly for in the town as well as building a new infrastructure. his friend and political allies have rejected the suggestion that the president is all style and no substance. >> he is a very straightforward man, very committed with an excellent vision of the country , an excellent statement, and he knows how to listen. dodge a municipality on the outskirts of mexico city where the tentacles of the drug violence have started to reach. it is a particular problem, on this wasteland, the bodies have been dumped which over a thousand killed during his time in power.
he fights back tears as she shows me photos of her late daughter. the official version of events is that in june of 2010, she committed suicide. her family says she was murdered by her partner. they are facing a fruitless legal battle to bring a case against him. dodge the authorities have treated me like i am a troublemaker, they want you to accept him shut up. that can't be right when there are so many irregularities and omissions. >> it is something of an unknown quantity. they focus on violent crimes. the time as governor does not bode well. the pressure is on the president
to deliver right from the start. >> to a photographer that capture a piece of history. edward curtis sent out to document the last remaining american indian tribe before they disappeared completely. it is a story that is told in short nights of the shadow catcher. they focus on the amazing collection of photographs. >> the last indian in seattle, the photographer shoots a picture and it is a stunning portrait, his first real picture of a native person. it is sort of a defiant face and he loved the picture. it starts him on this photographic journey. >> i wrote it because i thought the photographer was an underappreciated genius.
they were either portrayed as noble savages or lost people. he is known for 40,000 photographs trying to see real human beings. the big idea was to capture, on film and and recordings all the tribes of the united states that were still living in primitive ways and turned out it would be 80 tribe's at all. it was the largest anthropological undertaking by a single man and easily the largest that any one person has .ver undertaken >> when he started out of the dawn of the twentieth century, there are 75 million american roads, the frontier pronounced closed. soon airplanes will fly over the skies and the tribes are largely
forgotten. but curtis has to do to find these native people is literally go to the hideouts. he has to go to the bottom of the grand canyon. where different people are purch, this warock ase. there are thought of as apathetic and ancient people. most of them will be gone in a generation's time. chief joseph, the apache, he shows a certain sense of defiance that you may have captured me, brokenly, or destroyed by people but you can't destroy me. they are iconic in a certain sense that they reinforce our
view of the indians, but they are iconic that they don't. they force us to consider these people as real people. in >> also timothy speaking about those extraordinary photographs of edward curtis. it brings today's shows to a close. due to check out our facebook page as well. thank you for watching, have a great weekend. >> make sense of international news at bbc.com/news. >> funding for this
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